Patience doesn't always come across well in fiction. Much as I love Little Women, I did find the very patient Beth to be a little too much of a goody goody for my tastes. I think patience translates better when it is shown as a character actively trying to seek a goal, is at a point where they need to wait for a very good reason before taking further action, and that they do so. There is a point to the patience then. It is also an "active patience", an act of will. I find I want to read to find out if they CAN see that patience out and have the reward for doing so.
Impatience, of course, can be shown as a character's weak point, causing them more problems than they needed to have (which adds to the conflicts and drama of the story). Sometimes impatience can be used more positively in that it can be the trigger for change. Someone is impatient with the lack of education, say, in their village and actively seeks to change that. Again, the impatience at the status quo here can be a good catalyst for the story. There are bound to be those who want the status quo continued. Is there a reason why they don't want the villagers to be educated?
Calmness I think is easier to show in a story as there are always characters who are needed to calm other characters down and make them see sense. What effect would that have on the tale? If they failed to calm the other one down, what would the consequences be? Keeping calm can be a crucial need in a thriller where that virtue gives the character time to think, time to work out a way of escape etc. (Less likely to think of this if the character is panicking, getting worked up etc).
Anger can be shown as a character's downfall - their temper alienates anyone who might help them. It can be used to show a character's sense of justice. (You've got to question why anyone wouldn't be angry at abuse, violence etc). It can also be shown as part of a character's development. At the start of the story they're hotheaded, at the end they've learned to temper their temper, so to speak.